GCSE A* REVISION NOTES


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B601: Philosophy

Belief about a Deity

“If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him” Voltaire

“A God who let us prove his existence would be an idol” Bonhoeffer, Dietrich

“God is dead … and we have killed him” Nietzsche

“I am that I am” Exodus 3

Anthropomorphic – Seeing God in human form or as having human characteristics

Monotheism – Only believing in one God

God is:

General Reasons for believing in God

Theological Arguments

St Thomas Aquinas: Cosmological Argument

William Paley: Teleological Argument

 St. Anselm of Canterbury: Ontological Argument

Kant’s moral argument

“If there is no God, then there is no point in behaving morally”

Arguments against the existence of God

Nietzsche

“God is dead and we have killed him”

Bertrand Russell and Richard Darkins

The Holy Trinity

Father

Son

Holy Spirit

Religious and Spiritual Experiences

Worship

Private Worship

Public Worship

Liturgical Worship
Non-liturgical Worship
Charismatic Worship
Quaker Meeting

Music

Gregorian Chant

Traditional Hymns

Soul Survivor Festival

P.O.D

Quakers

Art

For

Against

Prayer – ACTS

Food

The Eucharist – As known as Communion

Transubstantiation – Christ has a real ‘presence’ in the bread and wine. The bread and while, while continuing to look like bread and wine, are truly Christ’s blood and body

Consubstantiation – Church of England and some other protestant Christians believe that the Eucharist is simply remembering what Jesus did for them. As a result, the act of consuming the bread and wine brings them spiritually closer to God

Fasting

Reasons for fasting

Church

Life after Death

The Soul

“God breathed into his nostrils the breath of life” Genesis 2:7

Plato’s Dualism

See in book

Aristotle’s Materialism

Cba see in book

Heaven

Literal, Physical

Spiritual, Non-physical

Subjective

Hell

Literal, Physical

Spiritual, Non-physical

Annihilation

Purgatory


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