B602: Philosophy

Good and Evil

“No one is good except God alone” Mark 10:18

Natural Evil – Evil caused by natural occurrences

Moral Evil – Evil caused by humans

Philosophical Problem of Evil

If God is omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent and omnipresent, why is there evil and suffering

Theodicy of Job

Fall and Original Sin

Free Will Theodicy – St. Augustine

Iranaenan Theodicy

Dietrich Bonhoeffer

The Devil

Coping with Suffering

Moral Authority

“Without God everything is permitted” Dostoyevsky

Without God all morality is subjective / decided by the society we live in

Religion and Science

“I believe in one God … Maker of heaven and earth, and all things visible and invisible” Nicene Creed

Origins of world

Genesis 1

Genesis 2

Nicolaus Copernicus

Charles Darwin

Responses to Genesis



“It gives us the big answer that things exist because of Gods will” John Pokinghorne


“I am putting you in charge of the fish, the birds and all the wild animals” Genesis 1:28


“God has made everything for our purpose” St. Thomas Aquinas


“The traditional Christian approach to the environment needs to be rethought” Scott I. Paradise

Peter Singer (non-christian) Utilitarian

Animals experience please and pain and have a preference to live rather than die killing animals to satisfy our desire for a particular “taste” is speciesist

Anthropocentric Environmental Ethics

Geo-bio centric Environmental Ethics

“God took man and put him in the Garden of Eden to look after it and maintain it” Genesis 2:15

Religion, Reason and Revelation

Revelation - For something to be known that was previously unknown

Special Revelation – When God reveals himself directly to a person or group in a dream or miracle

General Revelation – How people generally come to know about God

Responses to Revelation

Parable of the sower

A farmer sows his seeds on the ground. Some seeds land on the path and do not take up root. Some seeds land on the shallow or rocky ground and take up root but die from lack of moisture. Some seeds land on the thorny ground and take up root but are chocked by the thorns. Some seeds land on the good soil and flourish.

Experiencing God

Conversion – When revelation causes someone to change

Mysticism – When you feel the presence of God

Miracles – When you experience an act of God

Worship – When you feel a spiritual connection with God through worship

Scripture as Revelation


Mystical Experience

The conversion of Saul: Acts 9

St. Teresa of Avila

Toronto Blessing


“For God so loved the world he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life” John 3:16

“Then he got up and rebuked the wind and the waves and it was completely calm” Matthew 8:26

“Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” Mark 2:10